Academicia Globe: Inderscience Research <p><strong>Academicia Globe: Inderscience Research</strong> is a scholarly peer reviewed international multidisciplinary Journal. The journal implements double blind peer review for articles. The research manuscript have to pass through the plagiarism check before allotted to the reviewers. The open access journal ensure the quality of published articles. The journal includes wide range of research articles in multidisciplinary areas of applied sciences. The original review, research, literature, short note, book reviews are welcome to publish in this journal.</p> Academia Science en-US Academicia Globe: Inderscience Research 2776-1010 THE PROBABILITY OF CALCULATING THE POLLUTION LIMIT IN MINERAL-CONTAMINATED SOILS AND THE PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF THE SURROUNDING PLANTS <p>Pollution is a problem on a global scale that could have negative effects. In order to address this issue, it is important to take into account the primary sources of soil pollution, such as cemeteries. The primary goal of the current study was probability of calculating the pollution limit in mineral-contaminated soils and the physiological effect of the surrounding plants. Three fundamental sites the cemetery area and leaf Cupressus dupreziana .following three time periods of sampling, elements and factors such as (Pb ,Zn, Cd). Due to the site's exposure to soil disturbance, traceable elements were measured and chemically obtained using x-ray fluorescence (XRF). Samples were analyzed using ICPES for the qualitative detection of these elements after soil samples were digested for a control factor limiting the PTL threshold. The element's proximity to the sample is indicated by the relative proximity (RP), which is calculated by dividing the ICPES value on the XRF results of the sample. The component's biodegradability had a value at sites 2 and 1, respectively, and the highest value was discovered in areas 2 and 3. In the order Pb, Zn, and Cd, its plant absorption is 26%, 10%, and 7%. According to the data gathered, cemeteries have a significant potential to contaminate</p> Estabraq Mohammed Ati, Rana Fadhil abbas , Zena Hassan Jazar , Dr. Reyam Naji Ajmi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-04 2023-03-04 4 03 1 12 10.17605/OSF.IO/QM2HE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON PLANT DIVERSITY IN KASIBEH RESERVE IN AL-MADAIN / EAST OF BAGHDAD <p>As the study sites' dominant plant kinds have been recorded, it was done in May 2022 in ten stations primarily from the Al-Madain Reserve. Results The climatic effects that are associated with a decrease in precipitation and an increase in air temperature, especially in the Iraqi environment, are significant dangerous to water resources and the vital environment due to the lack of precipitation and the high evaporative energy lurking. In this research, the general trend of diversity in protected plants in Kasibeh Reserve in Al-Madain / East of Baghdad was identified. By evaluating the general trend of the vegetation bio-cover areas, five sites were used to find out through the balancing plants accounts for the upper section of the soil that there is a significant drop of about 0.8 mm/per meter. This is an indicator of negative effects on agricultural resources. The results also indicate an increase in soil salinity with a very large increase in the area of barren land. It increased by 150%, and this indicates that climate change has devastating repercussions and effects on large investments in plant cultivation.</p> Zena Hassan Jazar Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 4 03 13 21 10.17605/OSF.IO/XSE2B THEORETICAL BASIS FOR THE IMPACT OF THE TAX BURDEN ON TAXPAYER ACTIVITIES IN OUR COUNTRY <p>The article examines the impact of the tax burden on the activities of taxpayers, which considers the need to calculate the tax burden in the national economy, the distribution of the tax burden among taxpayers in the economy, as well as approaches to calculating the tax burden in legal and physical persons.</p> R. A. Nasimov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-05 2023-03-05 4 03 22 28 10.17605/OSF.IO/N3M4A METHODOLOGY AND PRACTICE OF TEACHING ENGLISH <p>This article about teaching English by using interactive methods. In this article it is spoken about a lot of interactive methods, especially the importance of using TPR method in teaching English</p> Iroda Akbarova Akramovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-08 2023-03-08 4 03 29 31 10.17605/OSF.IO/NUJ2H DETECTION OF PESTICIDES RESIDUES CHLORPYRIFOS IN SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS <p>Pesticide deposits were measured in few of the genrally used, restorative plants gathered from various business sectors namely: green tea, red tea, sfof, senmaki, cinnamon, nutmeg, chewing mixture and slimming mixture where it was found that malathion, pyrimifos-methyl, and profenofos were predominant in most of them during the measurement. In these samples, the presence of fungicides was detected only in cumin samples, where it was dominated by samples of cumin, anise, tea, sage, especially organophosphate pesticides (chlorpyrifos, profenofos, pyrimifos, methyl and ethion), and ginger parts were with ought pesticides, while cinnamon samples showed only chlorpyrifos &lt;LOQ, anise diphenoconazole was at &lt;LOQ only in chewing and slimming mixtures, and was a fungicide (Aromadendrene and thiophanate methyl ) are prevalent in green tea, sfof and nutmeg. Therapeutic plants and regular spices should be utilized after security and wellbeing testing It is suggested that every nation utilizes restorative plants and flavors (gathered from normal or developed environments) in somewhere around one observing research facility and identifying pesticide residues and granting a safety authorization for their safe use.</p> Shahla Hussien Hano, Mohanad Luay Jawher, Ban Abbas Nasser Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-08 2023-03-08 4 03 32 40 10.17605/OSF.IO/4T5C8 THE ROLE OF SPIRITUAL AND EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES IN INSTILLING A PATRIOTIC SPIRIT IN YOUNG PEOPLE <p>This article talks about the fact that educating young people in the spirit of patriotism is the main task to form the basis of upbringing, to shape the spirit of love for the motherland of young people in the later stages of education, to carry out spiritual and educational work in educational institutions.</p> Khasanov Nurmukhammad Khaydarali ugli Ubaidullaev Saidakbar Saidaliev Alinazarov Nodirkhon Nosirhonzoda Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-08 2023-03-08 4 03 41 43 10.17605/OSF.IO/Z4SN8 PRINCIPLES OF PROPER NUTRITION OF CHILDREN IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS <p>The paper presents contemporary data of foreign and Russian researchers on the healthy nutrition of schoolchildren. An analysis of the existing forms and principles of school catering is provided; school rations around the world, different approaches to their formation, and new school nutrition standards in the USA and Eastern Europe are described and discussed. The authors focus on the implementation of the National Government programs on the organization of school healthy nutrition in foreign countries. Original research data collected by the Russian scientists on students’ taste preferences are also provided in the paper.</p> Sobirova Gulnoza Lochinbek qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-08 2023-03-08 4 03 44 46 10.17605/OSF.IO/R2YFN IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION PROCESSES ON SPIRITUALITY <p>This article provides information about the impact of globalization processes on spirituality.</p> Gulshoda Aliyeva Shukur kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-10 2023-03-10 4 03 47 49 10.17605/OSF.IO/27DXE PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPETITION IN THE HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM <p>The article describes the methods of calculating the efficiency coefficient for improving the skills of employees. Also, models of organization of higher education services at different stages of development of the labor market and a proposal for a "three-phase" mechanism of higher education service provision were developed.</p> Ruziyev Zafar Ikromovich Abdullayev Olim G’ayratovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-10 2023-03-10 4 03 50 56 10.17605/OSF.IO/2MWYE WHAT IS THE LOGO THAT HAS TAKEN OVER THE WORLD <p>The article examines the logo and their origin,the history of development,evolution of logos and famous brands, the current direction of logo design,the rules and formulas for creating a logo.</p> Rakhmanov Jakhongir Mamasharibovich Kholboeva Nilufar Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-10 2023-03-10 4 03 57 62 10.17605/OSF.IO/YQ9MK ORIENTALISMS IN THE WORKS OF GAFUR GULAM (BY THE MATERIAL OF THE STORY "MISCLE") <p>This article anlyzes the story of Gafur Ghulam "The Mischievous Man" and explores the life of the characters through the prism of Orientalism and shows how the writer managed to masterfully depict the life of a simple Uzbek boy and the existing difficult living conditions.</p> Ablaeva Nadira Kadamzhanovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-10 2023-03-10 4 03 63 67 10.17605/OSF.IO/96RGE DEVELOPING AUDIENCE SKILLS IN USING DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES <p>This article discusses the issue of assessing the level of digital literacy in the development of listeners skills in the use of digital technologies in the process of professional development.</p> S. S. Jumanazarov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-10 2023-03-10 4 03 68 71 10.17605/OSF.IO/DQH62 THE IMPORTANCE OF USING NEW PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING ENGLISH <p>This article describes in detail the importance of using new pedagogical technologies in teaching English, the fact that some teachers do not know how to use and do not use technologies during English classes, and the most effective ways to teach and learn a foreign language using modern technologies.</p> Farangiz Eshankulova Khayitmuratovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-11 2023-03-11 4 03 72 73 10.17605/OSF.IO/APMK8 STABILITY AND CROP PRODUCTIVITY OF PISTACHIO TO EXTERNAL FACTORS <p>Pistachio tree in Uzbekistan is naturally distributed in rainfed lands within 400-1200 m above sea level and annually bear fruit. In dry lands, summer period there is a sharp decrease in soil moisture, in consequence of which some phenotypes of pistachio trees are damaged by drought, i.e. 20-80% of the leaves fall off. As a result of this undesirable phenomenon, the processes of photosynthesis and synthesis of organic substances, as well as the harvest of the next year, sharply decrease. Resistant to the summer drought were varieties of "Albina" (productivity 2.0 c/ha), "Mountain Pearl" (2.6 c/ha), forms 518-G and 521-G (1.7 c/ha). These varieties and forms have a high index of resistance to vegetative and generative organ for summer drought.</p> Kholmurotov Mansur Zaripbayevich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-11 2023-03-11 4 03 74 77 10.17605/OSF.IO/5K2V4 THE CHARACTER OF AGRONOMICAL TERMINOLOGY IN THE ASPECT OF DIFFERENT CLASSIFICATIONS <p>The terminology of agronomy can be considered not only from the point of view of dividing the topic into specific groups, and logical-conceptual lines (a sufficient number of such classifications) but also from the point of view of its word-formation models, synchronicity and word combinations: diachronic, part-of-speech affiliation, the source language and paradigmatic relations.</p> Samandarova Gulsara Ismatilloyevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-12 2023-03-12 4 03 78 81 10.17605/OSF.IO/AWUPR PRINCIPLES OF COMPILING AN ENGLISH-UZBEK DICTIONARY OF MINING TERMS <p>The article describes the problems of developing the principles of the Uzbek-English dictionary of mining terminology. The main research methods are the analysis of literature on the research topic and the statistical method. In the study, the concept of mining terminology is clarified, the difference between the concepts of graphic and lexicographic terms is given, and the main principles of material selection for the dictionary of mining terms are given.</p> Kodirova Dilrabo Shamsitdinovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-13 2023-03-13 4 03 82 85 10.17605/OSF.IO/H8JFV CROSS-CULTURAL CONTRADICTIONS: THE MARGINALIZATION OF SOCIAL GROUPS <p>The article is devoted to the study of the concepts of "marginal", "marginality" and "marginal culture". The object of research is the cross-cultural space of modern society. The author seeks to define the boundaries of these concepts, to identify common features in them and to identify specifics. The reasons for the appearance of the phenomenon of marginality, as well as the connection of marginal culture with the dominant culture and the phenomena of subculture and counterculture are considered. Also, the researcher describes and justifies the state of marginal status in the social structure of the world community.</p> Jurayev Jamshed Rakhmatilloyevich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 4 03 86 91 10.17605/OSF.IO/8FUYK ORIGIN OF ACUTE KIDNEY FAILURE, TREATMENT PREVENTION <p>Acute kidney failure is when your kidneys stop working suddenly. Doctors sometimes call it acute renal failure. It can happen over just a few hours or days.Acute kidney failure isn’t always permanent. If you get treatment right away and if you don’t have other serious health problems your kidneys can go back to working normally. The main job of your kidneys is to filter waste out of your blood. They also remove extra fluid from your blood (this becomes urine) and control blood pressure. Kidneys help make red blood cells. They regulate electrolytes (a type of nutrient) and activate vitamin D, too. Kidneys don’t work well when they’re damaged. This could happen because of another health condition, like diabetes. A decrease in kidney function that happens over a longer period of time is called chronic kidney disease (CKD).</p> Ashuraliyeva Nilufar Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 4 03 92 94 10.17605/OSF.IO/PX4DY BLOOD SODIUM DEPLETION DISEASE <p>Hyponatremia occurs when the concentration of sodium in your blood is abnormally low. Sodium is an electrolyte, and it helps regulate the amount of water that's in and around your cells.</p> Dalimova Manzurakhon Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 4 03 95 97 10.17605/OSF.IO/9CYPA CHARGE SYNDROME CLASSIFICATION, ETIOLOGY <p>Charge syndrome CS is a genetic condition. It is caused by a change or variant in at least one gene. However, we do not find a genetic change in all individuals with features of CS. Most of the time, the genetic change is present in the child but not in the parents. This means that it is a new change in the individual with CS and not inherited. These changes occur with each pregnancy. Because they happen with each pregnancy, it is only important for a person if they happen in a gene that can cause a medical condition. These are not caused by anything that a parent does or does not do.</p> Shoyunusova Nargis Sharifovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 4 03 98 100 10.17605/OSF.IO/CF9GP DEVELOPMENT OF NEPHROTIC SYNDROME IN INFANTS <p>The kidneys are made up of about a million filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron includes a filter, called the glomerulus, and a tubule. The glomerulus filters the blood, and the tubule returns needed substances to the blood and removes wastes and extra water, which become urine. Nephrotic syndrome usually happens when the glomeruli are damaged, allowing too much protein to leak from the blood into the urine.</p> Temirova Oydin Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 4 03 101 103 10.17605/OSF.IO/JCEG3 FORMATION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN PREGNANCY <p>Infectious diseases are disorders caused by pathogenic microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites) that may be transmitted directly or indirectly by various sources. Some infections may be harmful, but some may be harmless; all may be preventable. Certain patient populations may also be more susceptible to infections, including pregnant women.</p> Saxibova Mavlyuda Djurayevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 4 03 104 107 10.17605/OSF.IO/38DB7 DISEASES THAT OCCUR DURING THE FETAL PERIOD <p>A birth defect is something visibly abnormal, internally abnormal, or chemically abnormal about your newborn baby’s body. The defect might be caused by genetics, infection, radiation, or drug exposure, or there might be no known reason. Examples of birth defects include phenylketonuria, sickle cell anemia and Down syndrome.</p> Bahobiddinova Zamira Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 4 03 108 110 10.17605/OSF.IO/6V7HE ETIOLOGY, CLASSIFICATION OF IMPORTANT SYNDROMES FOUND IN INFANCY <p>Failure to thrive is the term used to describe the condition in which a young child fails to gain weight satisfactorily. Common reasons for such poor weight gain are parental neglect or lack of food. On the other hand, a large number of important gastrointestinal disorders may be responsible, including those associated with vomiting, such as food intolerance or obstruction of the upper bowel by pyloric stenosis; disorders of digestion and absorption, including celiac disease and cystic fibrosis; and bowel infections. Amniotic band syndrome (ABS) is a set of congenital malformations attributed to amniotic bands that entangle fetal parts during intrauterine life, which results in a broad spectrum of anatomic disturbances - ranging from minor constriction rings and lymphedema of the digits to complex, bizarre multiple congenital anomalies incompatible with life.</p> Kasimova Gulnorakhon Zulfikarovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 4 03 111 114 10.17605/OSF.IO/XR3WE DISEASES THAT OCCUR IN EARLY CHILDHOOD AND INFANCY <p>In developed countries, SIDS (also called crib death or cot death) accounts for 20 percent of deaths between the ages of one month and one year. SIDS is a categorization rather than an explanation, for the label is given when no reason for death can be found from the infant’s medical history or even after autopsy.</p> Yunusov Dilshod Muminovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 4 03 115 116 10.17605/OSF.IO/TSBYF ORIGIN , PREVENTION ,TREATMENT OF AMNIOTIC BAND SYNDROME IN INFANTS <p>Amniotic band syndrome (ABS), also known as congenital constriction ring or constriction band syndrome is a rare condition comprising several different abnormalities.</p> Ashuraliyeva Mavluda Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 4 03 117 119 10.17605/OSF.IO/YS8JU STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF LOAN PORTFOLIO AND ITS MANAGEMENT IN BANKS <p>The article analyzes the existing work on the issue of dealing with credit portfolios and problem loans in the banking system and the measures taken within the framework of the legislation, as well as some recommendations on ensuring the effective operation of the lending and collection system in this area. given.</p> Jumaev Panji Khurramovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 4 03 120 124 10.17605/OSF.IO/KFZMS BIOTECH DRIVES THE WATER PURIFICATION INDUSTRY TOWARDS A CIRCULAR ECONOMY <p>Rising populations and pollution levels mean that water purification is now more crucial than ever before. However, much of the industry is still using water treatment methods that originated over 100 years ago. “Coming from biotechnology, I’m really surprised about how little innovation we find in the water industry, since it’s the world’s largest natural resource… and it’s the world’s third largest market. Only oil and energy, as far as I know, have a larger revenue number than water treatment. Biotechnological methods of water purification are considered in this article.</p> Mannobjonov Boburbek Zokmirjon o‘g‘li Abdulatipov Oyatillo Alisher o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 4 03 125 129 10.17605/OSF.IO/FH7Z3 MOLECULAR-PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF THE MAIN FACTORS AND CONDITIONS OF MEMORY DEVELOPMENT, THE IMPORTANCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN THE FORMATION OF MEMORY <p>The purpose of the study: by studying the molecular-physiological mechanisms of memory formation, we can find out the capabilities of the human brain. The main thing is that by fully studying the formation of memory, we will know the material foundations of the development of memory, and to consider the importance of memory in the formation of the background, we will consider the role of upbringing and labor to become the owner of a strong memory.</p> Dursunov Serdar Ahmedovich Rakhimjonov Saidmurod Ilkhomjon ugli Sotiboldiev Anaskhon Avazkhon ugli Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-18 2023-03-18 4 03 130 137 10.17605/OSF.IO/NERXW THE ROLE OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN IN DEVELOPING COOPERATION WITH COUNTRIES WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES IN THE XXI CENTURY <p>The acquisition of state independence by the Republic of Uzbekistan necessitated the development of an independent foreign policy activity of the state and its integration into the system of world politics. One of the directions of this process is the development of direct and multilateral relations with the countries that form the Commonwealth of Independent States (hereinafter referred to as the CIS, the Commonwealth). This Commonwealth was established on December 21, 1991 in Alma-Ata, where 11 leaders of independent states signed a declaration on the interaction of the members of the Commonwealth. Uzbekistan supported the idea of the Commonwealth and became one of its founders.<br>For the states of the Commonwealth, multilateral and bilateral treaty relations based on equal partnership are a natural process. This process is based not only on the territorial proximity and economic interconnectedness of the Commonwealth countries, but also on deep historical roots, cultural and spiritual ties, and the common destinies of peoples over a long historical period.</p> Rafael T. Gilyajdinov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-18 2023-03-18 4 03 138 150 10.17605/OSF.IO/WS45T WITH PARENTS IN THE MORAL AND PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN <p>In the article the moral and patriotic education of preschool children is given that the education of patriotism and civic principles is one of the most important components of the moral education of preschool children .</p> Fozilova Odina Nabiyevna Bozorboeva Ugiloy Hasanboy kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-18 2023-03-18 4 03 151 155 10.17605/OSF.IO/5WPC7 HISTORICAL ROOTS OF PATRIOTISM <p>In the article we may see the moral and patriotic education of preschool children is given that the education of patriotism and civic principles is one of the most important components of the moral education of preschool children .</p> Fozilova Odina Nabiyevna Bozorboeva Ugiloy Hasanboy kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-18 2023-03-18 4 03 156 162 10.17605/OSF.IO/MT8KR THE PRINCIPLE OF FORMING LEXICOGRAPHIC COMPETENCE IN PRIMARY CLASS STUDENTS AND TECHNOLOGIES <p>In this article, you can get enough information about the principles and technologies of the modern approach to the formation of lexicographic competence in elementary school students.</p> Buvajonova Mahirakhan Usmanali kizi Abdulhamidova Naimakhan Mirzahid kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-18 2023-03-18 4 03 163 168 10.17605/OSF.IO/NG4JU FORMATION OF ORAL AND WRITTEN LITERACY OF STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF MODERN APPROACHES <p>Oral and written literacy are two important skills that students have to master in order to excel academically and professionally in the world today. With the intensification of digital communication, the need for effective communication has never been greater. Therefore, it is very important to apply modern approaches to teaching students oral and written literacy.</p> Qilicheva Gulmira Bakhtiar daughter Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-20 2023-03-20 4 03 169 171 10.17605/OSF.IO/57R69 DANGEROUS INFORMATION ATTACKS THAT HAVE A NEGATIVE IMPACT ON HUMANITY'S LIFE <p>This article details the development of information technologies and telecommunications in high pictures and their danger to society, the damage that occurs after information attacks and the problems of each state in ensuring its information security.</p> Akmaljon Qabulovich Ortikov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-21 2023-03-21 4 03 172 175 10.17605/OSF.IO/TP6Y3 THE ROLE OF VALUES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MORAL EDUCATION IN STUDENTS <p>This article presents an analysis of the inimitableness of early adolescence and the factors of development of moral awareness during puberty, as well as the methodology for determining moral qualities in students.</p> Karimova Madina Kholmuratovna Amirova Bibisara Aubakirovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-21 2023-03-21 4 03 176 184 10.17605/OSF.IO/P26GF INTERACTIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES <p>The issues of communicative teaching of a foreign language in the system of vocational education have acquired special importance in the context of the increasing importance of foreign languages caused by the trends of globalization and internationalization in recent decades. Orientation to new educational goals requires changes in methods and forms of organization of the educational process. A teacher of a foreign language should be proficient in modern teaching technology, using interactive technologies, which are especially appropriate for accelerated teaching of a foreign language to students. The combination of traditional intensive teaching methods and modern interactive methods is an important condition for effective teaching of a foreign language at a university.</p> Khakimova Nasiba Turgunovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 4 03 185 187 10.17605/OSF.IO/P5XHJ INFORMATION ON THE WORK OF "SHIFA UL-ILAL" BY ALIKHANTURA SOGUNINY <p>The medical treatise "Shifa ul-ilal" written by Alikhontora Soguni is the product of his experience accumulated during his thirty years of life. The reasons for writing "Shifa ul-ilal" are given as follows in the work "Sadness of Turkistan", which embodies the memories of this work: I wrote a book in the clear Turkish language and named it Shifa ul-ilal with the hope that it will be a memory for my generation."1 2. Commentaries on this treatise have been written by today's scholars.</p> Arslonov Zarifjon Zakirjon kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 4 03 188 190 10.17605/OSF.IO/PHC9K CHANGES IN THE FUNCTIONAL CAPABILITIES OF THE FEMALE ORGANISM DURING SPORTS <p>This article outlines changes in the functional capabilities of the female organism during sports .</p> Sh. M.Tairov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 4 03 191 193 10.17605/OSF.IO/3Y8KQ THE WAY TO THE HUMAN HEART BEGINS WITH KINDNESS AND GENEROSITY <p>Kindness and doing good is a means of increasing people's mutual love and sincerity. These aspects are emphasized in religious and philosophical sources. This article will discuss this issue.</p> Badalbaeva Irodakhon Khabibulaevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 4 03 194 196 10.17605/OSF.IO/TVY45 ACTIVITY OF PANCREATIC TISSUE’S ENZYMES IN DIFFERENT DOSES OF GAMMA-RADIATION I. B. Kilicheva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 4 03 197 200 10.17605/OSF.IO/78DUZ PATHOMORPHOLOGY OF REGENERATORY CHANGES DURING EXPERIMENTAL ULCERS UNDER THE ACTION OF SERICIN <p>In reaserch, this was studied on experimental wounds by coating the skin and subcutaneous structures with gauze impregnated with a sericin-preserving mixture for regenerative processes, during which it was found that the acceleration of regenerative processes occurs on average 5-7 days earlier than in the control group, there are no rough scars on the wounds. This gauze bandage, which has absorbed the sericin-containing composition, creates and maintains a moist environment in the wound for up to 3-4 days. It actively promotes the painless removal of necrosis and fibrin, absorbs ulcer exudate for a long time, accelerates its purification, reduces the influence of infectious factors. This will prevent the wound exudate from sticking. They allow you to control the wound process.</p> Saydaliyev S. S., Isroilov R. Ya. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 4 03 201 205 10.17605/OSF.IO/7ZSY4 MATHEMATICAL MODELING: INITIAL CONCEPTS, ITS STAGES AND REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO HIM <p>Mathematical modeling provides an opportunity to solve many problematic situations and issues in the field of human life and activity. From this point of view, it is important to pay attention to its initial concepts, main stages and requirements when studying mathematical modeling.</p> Maksudov Odiljon Husanovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 4 03 206 208 10.17605/OSF.IO/XSZYA CLOUD TECHNOLOGIES <p>The article discusses the use of cloud technologies in the field of education, examples of the use of cloud technologies in education are given. The importance of the introduction and use of cloud technologies in education of the Republic of Uzbekistan is analyzed. It was revealed that cloud technologies in education allow using a wider range of forms and methods of teaching, and are one of the modern ways of intensifying and optimizing the educational process.</p> Aripov Masud Marufovich, Xakimova Yoqutxon Toxirjon qizi., Gofurov Saidakbar Abdulatif ugli Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 4 03 209 215 10.17605/OSF.IO/BFJYV METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF TAX AUDITS <p>In this article, research was carried out on ways to improve the activity of tax authorities and assess their efficiency in tax control in textile enterprises, and conclusions and proposals were formed within the framework of the research.</p> Fayzulloyev Mirsaid Shuxratovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 4 03 216 224 10.17605/OSF.IO/CM7JY THE ECONOMIC ESSENCE, FUNCTIONS AND ROLE OF INSURANCE IN MARKET RELATIONS <p>The improvement of market relations is a process that is accompanied by the decision-making of economic infrastructure. Insurance activities, as an integral part of economic infrastructure, on the one hand, provide social security, and on the other hand, also take on the protection of the interests of the subjects of the economy on the basis of awareness of various insurance risks through contractual obligations and the mechanism of tariffs.</p> Tugizova Malika Sokhib kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-26 2023-03-26 4 03 225 228 10.17605/OSF.IO/ZHE59 WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE OF STEAM EDUCATION FROM TRADITIONAL EDUCATION? <p>Traditional education in general education schools is aimed at forming students' knowledge, skills and qualifications in a specific discipline based on DTS.</p> Khaydarova Dilorom Sayfullaeva G.I. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-26 2023-03-26 4 03 229 233 10.17605/OSF.IO/CM7Z9 NOISE GENERATED IN THE EXHAUST SYSTEM OF THE ENGINE <p>This paper presents an analysis of the acoustic characteristics of exhaust gas cleaning devices used in the exhaust systems of automobile engines, which should be taken into account in order to comply with the current standards for harmful substances emitted from automobile engines.</p> Farkhad Tojibayev Jahongirmirza Masodiqov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-27 2023-03-27 4 03 234 240 10.17605/OSF.IO/AFR4P THE NEEDS AND ATTITUDES OF PEOPLE TO THE MEDIA IN THE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION BY GLOBAL HEALTH ORGANIZATIONS <p>Actively developing various sources of information have become the main consumer market for mankind and have brought to life a special kind of media - the consumer media market, the content of which indicates the emergence of previously unknown elements in interaction with the audience. All stages of the development of human society were carried out on a technical basis. Automation has led to increased productivity.</p> G. Kurbanova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-27 2023-03-27 4 03 241 245 10.17605/OSF.IO/MCEFU THEORETICAL JUSTIFICATION FOR IMPROVING THE DESIGN OF SPECIAL CLOTHING TO OPTIMIZE ITS DESIGN <p>The development of scientific and technological progress, and transformations in the field of production at modern industrial enterprises, along with others, bring to the fore the task of optimally solving the issue of ensuring the safety of people in production, including by designing special clothing to protect people from the harmful effects of the production environment. This article discusses the research and development of workwear for workers with high ergonomic, aesthetic, protective and hygienic characteristics, taking into account specific working conditions and the image of the enterprise, which can provide a high overall quality indicator and effective individual protection of workers.</p> Mirboboeva Gulhayo Abdusattorovna Tursunov Davron Shamsiddin ogli Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-26 2023-03-26 4 03 246 251 10.17605/OSF.IO/NA6T4 FEATURES OF IMPROVING THE TAX ADMINISTRATION OF MAJOR TAXPAYERS <p>Ensuring the necessary level of tax and other compulsory payment collection in the Republic of Uzbekistan, There is a special emphasis on improving the provision of service-technical services based on cooperation in organizing large-scale taxpayer activities, implementing taxpayer tax administration, and fulfilling tax obligations. On December 28, 2018, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Sh.M. Miriam, In his Address to the Assembly, he said: "It is not tax evasion, it should be interested in paying it on time. The new edition of the Solidarity Code should include encouraging honest, honest taxpayers who are the pillars of the country's development and punishing those who operate in secret. By reducing the tax burden, it is necessary to introduce the same fair tax regime for all, gradually abolishing tax credits." 1</p> Sh. Jumaev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-27 2023-03-27 4 03 252 257 10.17605/OSF.IO/J7SZK ALGAE FLORA OF THE FIELDS PLANTED IN ALFALFA <p>It has been hypothesized that algae in bedassore fields soils overlooking agricultural arable fields in the southern sarkhads of the Fergana Valley occur at different depths, different temperatures and conditions with different moisture levels, according to which the number of species in the Cyanophyta section was the highest, followed by the Chlorophyta section algae and The Last by the Xanthophyta section algae.</p> Sh. A. Tursunova R.D. Zukhriddinova S.T. Mamasoliev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-27 2023-03-27 4 03 258 262 10.17605/OSF.IO/875XV AGROTECHNOLOGY FOR PRODUCING HIGH YIELDS OF VEGETABLE CROPS IN THE KHMER ROUGE REGION <p>This article provides information on the agricultural technique of cultivating turnips from vegetable crops, it includes information on planting methods and techniques, seed germination temperature, the order of watering and fertilizing.</p> S.Yu. Babajanova Sabirova Gulhayo M. S. Sparbayeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-28 2023-03-28 4 03 263 265 10.17605/OSF.IO/89TN4 GAS FIELDS AND RESERVES <p>Information is provided on gas fields, leading countries in gas production, gas reserves, gas fields in Uzbekistan, gas reserves, volume and share of gas production in Uzbekistan.</p> Mahmudova Dilafruz Hasanovna Khudoyqulov Diyorbek son of Daniel Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-29 2023-03-29 4 03 266 270 10.17605/OSF.IO/CDGB3 OPPORTUNITIES FOR YOUNG PEOPLE IN UZBEKISTAN AND THEIR EFFECTS <p>This article talks about the attention paid to young people in Uzbekistan, a number of decisions on youth policy adopted by our Honorable President, consistent reforms being carried out in our country, and our achievements as a result of reforms.</p> Abdulayeva Dinora Nuriddinovna Ph.D. (PhD) Roziyeva D. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-29 2023-03-29 4 03 271 274 10.17605/OSF.IO/JYNQB PSYCHOLOGY IN LITERATURE <p>The goal of this paper is to discuss literature in terms of its interdisciplinary structure, specifically psychology, which has always been studied by writers, philosophers, artists, psychologists, in terms of man and existence, personality, and individual differences. It is clear that there is a strong relationship between literature and psychology because both deal with humans and their reactions, desires, and individual and social concerns using different concepts, methods, and approaches.</p> Radjabova Dildora Rakhimovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-29 2023-03-29 4 03 275 278 10.17605/OSF.IO/PK7SE THE USE OF MODERN TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO INCREASE MOTIVATION FOR THE SUBJECT AND THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION <p>This article discusses the problem of using modern technologies in teaching a foreign language to increase motivation for the subject and the quality of education. The principles and methods of the system-activity approach in teaching foreign languages are considered, as well as a number of modern pedagogical technologies used in teaching English.</p> Sh. A. Kenjabayev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 4 03 279 283 10.17605/OSF.IO/CT45Y DEVELOPING SPEAKING SKILLS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL THROUGH NON-TRADITIONAL TECHNOLOGIES <p>At present, in teaching a foreign language, the primary task is to master the skill of speaking in this language. In the educational system of many countries, including the Republic of Uzbekistan, the teaching of a foreign language has been introduced into the primary school curriculum. This thesis discusses some aspects of improving speaking in primary grades with the help of non-traditional technologies.</p> Rakhimova Gulrukh Ilkhomovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 4 03 284 287 10.17605/OSF.IO/PD4T7 TRAINING TO MAINTAIN A SENSE OF BUFFERING IN THE MHXS ASSYRIA IN THE WORKPLACE <p>In this case, the MHXS assortment of buffers was discussed in the midst of a period of time.</p> Odiljonova Oybarchin Fayzullo qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 4 03 288 290 10.17605/OSF.IO/T457H THE IMPORTANCE OF INDEPENDENT WORK IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITIES OF SCHOOL CHILDREN <p>In this article, opinions are widely covered about the organization of Independent Education in connection with the abilities, talents, opportunities, potential, and interests of students in schools, the development of cognitive abilities of students, the study of aspects that should be paid attention to taking into account the activities of students to receive independent education, ways to develop the innovative activity of students</p> Ochilova Gulnoza Odilovna Musakhanova Gulnara Miralieva Dilafrooz Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 4 03 291 294 10.17605/OSF.IO/EPY3J MECHANISMS FOR IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL COMPETENCE IN FUTURE TEACHERS <p>This article reflects on providing environmental education and education to students, changing them in a positive way their attitude towards the environment and mother nature, preserving Mother Nature, mitigating the global environmental problems observed today and their negative consequences, including the lack of Water Resources, global climate changes and its impact on nature. In addition, the article discusses environmental competence in students and prospective teachers.</p> Soqiboyeva Durdona Bozorboyevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 4 03 295 300 10.17605/OSF.IO/RHYKJ EXPRESSION OF THE SUBJECT OF WAR IN 20TH CENTURY US REALISTIC LITERATURE <p>Before, during, and after the First World War, drama, poetry, and fiction were formed, and the period rich in war stories left its mark in all kinds of books. The literature of the "Lost Generation" is one of the terms that emerged in European and American literature in the decade after the end of the First World War. It is no exaggeration to say that the books of representatives of the so-called "lost generation" (E. Hemingway, R. Aldington, E. M. Remarque) are popular in different countries of the world and are popular among readers. In this article, the representation of the theme of war in the realistic literature of the USA of the 20th century.</p> Sh.B.Xodjayeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 4 03 301 304 10.17605/OSF.IO/MHA94 WAYS TO SPREAD COVID 19 INFECTION <p>Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). In 2019, a new coronavirus was identified as the cause of a disease outbreak that originated in China.</p> Valiyeva Nodiraxon Maxamatjonovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 4 03 305 307 10.17605/OSF.IO/BYNJZ ARABIC WRITING IN II-VII CENTURIES AND ITS REFLECTION IN THE QUR'AN BOOK <p>Scholars argue that the Arabic script originated from the Nabataean script, based on several ancient inscriptions now known. Through these writings, it is possible to study the way in which the Nabatean script changed to the Arabic script and the script used to write the Holy Qur'an at the beginning of Islam. In this regard, it is necessary to get acquainted with the three most important scriptures. Two of them belong to the pre-Islamic centuries, and the third one was written in the first Hijri century. In the article, they are studied on the basis of historical tradition, and it is shown how their spelling features were reflected Uthman manuscripts.</p> Hasanxon Yahyo Abdulmajid Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 4 03 308 314 10.17605/OSF.IO/RS76H COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE DISPUTES ON THE QUESTION OF "FAITH" IN THE ORIGINAL WORKS OF ABU HANIFA (R.A.) IN THE EXAMPLE OF MULLA ALI AL-QARI <p>In this work were reflected the views of Imam Abu Hanifa and Ali al-Qari on the issue of "faith" are reflected, and the opinions that excess or deficiency of faith are the foundations of faith and that action is not one of the foundations of faith, but one of its conditions. As an additional comment on the texts mentioned in the book "Fiqhul-Akbar", Ali al-Qari also mentioned the rulings of the Ahl al-Sunnah wal Jama'a creed regarding faith in the book "Sharhu Fiqhul" Akbar.</p> Muhibullayev Saidmuhammadxon Dovudxon o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 4 03 315 319 10.17605/OSF.IO/JKCD9